Varicose veins are large, bulging and visible surface veins that lie just under the skin in the inner calf region in legs but can also show in some other parts. In terms of size, they can be greater than one-eighth of an inch in width and can develop due to vein valves not working properly. They can also occur due to some weakness in the vein wall. The veins may expand due to gravitational pressure and may become twisty, thickened, long and pouched. They may also cause pain in some instance.
Quite often varicose veins are mistaken for reticular or spider veins and a correct determination is needed to treat them properly. Vein problem is a very common cause of disorder in North America and up to 15 percent of men and 25 percent of women suffer from it. By the time a person attains the age of 50 years, 20 percent of men and more than 40 percent of women may have considerable leg vein issues. Some other aspects related to varicose veins are also mentioned here for a proper understanding.
- People who may be at risk – Although a varicose vein condition may strike anyone, there are a few groups of people who can be more prone to it. This list includes people who have a family history related to this type of condition, advancing age, history of previous blood clots in deep veins, extended standing, heavy lifting, and many pregnancies. In addition to all these conditions, obesity, less physical activity and high blood pressure may also lead to the development of this type of vein condition in women.
- Signs and symptoms related to it – A varicose vein condition may be purely free of symptoms and may not cause any present health issue. In such a case, a cosmetic treatment can be enough. When it’s symptoms does show, it can be manifested in the form of fullness or heaviness, restlessness, pain, itching, leg or ankle swelling, aching, fatigue or cramps. They may also result in leg sores.
Some serious varicose vein condition can be non-healing ulcers in the ankle region, eczema or discoloration, and thickening of the skin in the leg. When a varicose vein is considerably large, it can develop into a blood clot that is known as superficial thrombophlebitis. Therefore, do not overlook a leg pain and especially if you experience any of these symptoms.
- Some effective treatment options – A varicose vein condition can be successfully treated through multiple ways, some of which are mentioned here.
- Prescription stockings – This type of compression stockings can work very well compared to over-the-counter stockings as they can help in providing sufficient counter compression. These can help in minimizing blood clotting risks and can also prevent any threat of leg swelling.
- Sclerotherapy – Sclerotherapy is the process of injecting a sclerosing solution into a varicose vein so that it can be slowly eliminated to improve the appearance. Multiple sessions of therapy may be needed to witness any real improvement and that may take a few months. However, it is a minimally invasive process and such an injection can be given to a reticular or spider vein as well.
Apart from these mentioned treatment options, there are also some more like the minimally invasive Ambulatory Phlebectomy RF Treatment, Laser Treatment, etc.
Therefore, we can see that if this health condition is diagnosed in time, it can be easily cured with some minimum invasive techniques. However, it is always better to take precautions so that it does not show up in the first place.